Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana 2023: National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) – Empowering Rural India

The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) has launched the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission, also known as Aajeevika Mission, to combat poverty in rural areas. Here is a comprehensive list of schemes under DAY NRLM/Aajeevika Mission for 2023.

DAY – NRLM in Union Budget 2023-24

The Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana National Rural Livelihood Mission has made significant strides by mobilizing 81 lakh Self Help Groups of rural women. The mission aims to further empower these groups by creating large producer enterprises or collectives with professional management, facilitating the supply of raw materials, and enhancing product design, quality, branding, and marketing. This initiative supports these groups in scaling up their operations to serve larger consumer markets, similar to start-ups growing into “Unicorns.”

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana

National Rural Livelihood Mission The Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) initiated in 1999 was restructured in 2010-11 into the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) with the goal of providing sustainable income to rural households living below the poverty line.

A Committee on Credit-Related Issues under SGSY recommended a “Livelihoods Approach” to eradicate rural poverty, involving:

  1. Mobilizing poor households into effective Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their federations.
  2. Enhancing access to financial services, technical support, and marketing.
  3. Building skills and capacity for sustainable livelihoods.
  4. Coordinating various schemes for efficient delivery of social and economic support services to poor households.

Based on this recommendation, SGSY was restructured into NRLM in 2010-11, focusing on poverty reduction and Millennium Development Goals. The Ministry approved the Framework for Implementation for NRLM on 9th December 2010, and the mission was officially launched on 3rd June 2011.

Mission of National Rural Livelihood Scheme (NRLM)

NRLM’s mission is to reduce poverty by enabling poor households to access self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, significantly improving their livelihoods sustainably. The mission operates in a “Mission Mode” that:

  1. Shifts from allocation-based to demand-driven strategies.
  2. Emphasizes targets, outcomes, and time-bound delivery.
  3. Prioritizes continuous capacity building, skill development, and linking the poor to livelihood opportunities.
  4. Monitors progress against poverty reduction targets.

As a demand-driven strategy, states have the flexibility to create their own perspective and annual action plans for poverty reduction within the allocated budget based on inter-se poverty ratios.

DAY-NRLM Guiding Principles

NRLM operates on the principles that the poor:

  1. Desire to escape poverty and possess inherent capabilities.
  2. Require dedicated support structures for social mobilization, institution building, and empowerment.
  3. Need access to knowledge, skills, credit, and livelihood services for upward mobility.

National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)

Values The core values of NRLM are:

  1. Inclusion of the poorest in all processes.
  2. Transparency and accountability in all activities.
  3. Ownership and active participation of the poor.
  4. Community self-reliance and independence.

Components of DAY-NRLM Scheme

The scheme includes the following components:

  1. Institutional Building & Capacity Building.
  2. Financial Inclusion.
  3. Livelihoods Promotion.
  4. Social Inclusion & Development.
  5. Systems.
  6. Convergence.

DAY NRLM List of Schemes 2023

DAY-NRLM covers various blocks under the “Intensive Strategy” to address farm distress and create income avenues for rural families. The mission mobilizes households into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and introduces several initiatives, including:

  1. Mahila Kisan Shashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) – Empowering women in agriculture.
  2. Community Institution Building (CIB).
  3. Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY) – Offering rural transport services.
  4. Financial Services in Remote Areas.
  5. Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP) – Promoting rural startups.
  6. Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY) – Providing skill training.
  7. National Rural Livelihoods Project (NRLP) – Building capacities.
  8. Interest Subsidy / Subvention – Reducing interest costs for SHGs.
  9. Community Livelihood Professionals.
  10. Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETI) – Training rural youth.
  11. Rural Haats – Marketing SHG products.
  12. Promotion of Farm Livelihood – Supporting women farmers.
  13. Financial Inclusion – Providing banking services.

DAY-NRLM, through its comprehensive initiatives, aims to uplift rural India by enabling self-employment and sustainable livelihoods for millions of families.

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